The Guardian (London) - Final Edition
October 6, 2011 Thursday
Brain implantcould overcome paralysis
BYLINE: Ian Sample Science correspondent
SECTION: GUARDIAN HOME PAGES; Pg. 12
LENGTH: 261 words
Abrain implant that allows monkeys to move an avatar's arm and feel objects in a virtual world has been demonstrated for the first time. The animals used the device to control the arm by thought alone, and feel the texture of the objects it touched through electrical signals sent directly to their brains.
Researchers built the system to help paralysed people regain the use of their arms and legs while feeling the objects they touched and the ground they walked on. Without any sensation of touch, it would be easy for people to crush or drop objects they were trying to grasp or misjudge the terrain underfoot and stumble, the scientists said.
Miguel Nicolelis, who led the research team at Duke University in North Carolina, said the technology was a milestone in his group's bid to restore natural movement and fine control to paralysed people.
Nicolelis is working with colleagues at the Technical University in Munich to build a whole-body "exoskeleton" that can move people's paralysed limbs in response tobrain activity picked up by the implant.
"The patient will be able to use theirbrain to control their movement, but they could also get sensations back from their legs, arms and hands," said Nicolelis.
"We are looking to have a demonstration of this in time for the World Cup in 2014. When the Brazilian team walks on to the field, we want them accompanied by two quadriplegic teenagers who will walk on to the pitch and kick the ball using this technology."
Nicolelis, who was born in Sao Paulo, Brazil, said the challenge was "like the Brazilian moonshot".
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